Asked by: Iudistira Chellappanasked in category: General Last Updated: 25th April, 2020
Why did Socrates accept his fate?
Similarly, why did Socrates choose the legal defense he did and the punishment?
Basically, Socrates provoked and accepted his punishment because used his 'truthful' defense (Delphic Oracle + did not intend to bring about negative consequences/was only fulfilling a divine duty), which caused him to be found guilty by the jury (this is in the Apology).
Subsequently, question is, why does Socrates refuse exile? Crito is of the opinion that it would not be wrong for Socrates to escape because he has been imprisoned unjustly. Socrates does not agree with him and, accordingly, sets forth his reasons for holding that one is obliged to submit to the punishment imposed on him, even though the punishment may be an unjust one.
Moreover, why Socrates was executed?
In 399 BC, Socrates went on trial and was subsequently found guilty of both corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens and of impiety (asebeia, "not believing in the gods of the state"), and as a punishment sentenced to death, caused by the drinking of a mixture containing poison hemlock.
How did Socrates view death?
Socrates replied that it was because of the immortality of the soul that death was no evil. The purpose of philosophy was to free the soul by guiding it to the eternal truths, and so when death came, it was a liberation. The body, he asserted, was a messy pit of passions and rude cravings.