Asked by: Abdessamie Haneklausasked in category: General Last Updated: 11th April, 2020
Who out of Bentham and Mill believed that some pleasures are different in kind from others?
Accordingly, what is the difference between Bentham and Mill's positions on utilitarianism?
Bentham considered only quantity of pleasure, but Mill considered both quantity and quality of pleasure. Bentham's utilitarianism was criticised for being a philosophy "worthy of only swine". For Mill, higher pleasures are more valuable than lower pleasures, because of their "intrinsic superiority".
Secondly, why does mill distinguish different pleasures What is the criterion for judging whether a particular pleasure is higher in quality as compared to other forms of pleasure? Mill delineates how to differentiate between higher- and lower-quality pleasures: A pleasure is of higher quality if people would choose it over a different pleasure even if it is accompanied by discomfort, and if they would not trade it for a greater amount of the other pleasure.
how does Bentham define pleasure?
According to Bentham, pleasure and pain govern not only how human beings act but also how human beings ought to act. The principle of utility or the principle of utilitarianism : I ought do that act which will bring about the greatest happiness (pleasure) for the greatest number of persons (the community).
What was Jeremy Bentham's theory?
Jeremy Bentham was a philosopher, economist, jurist, and legal reformer and the founder of modern utilitarianism, an ethical theory holding that actions are morally right if they tend to promote happiness or pleasure (and morally wrong if they tend to promote unhappiness or pain) among all those affected by them.