Asked by: Lynette Wolz
asked in category: General Last Updated: 15th February, 2020

What were the key events in the 20th century that shaped the history of the Middle East?

  • May 16, 1916. Sykes-Picot Agreement.
  • Nov 2, 1917. Balfour Declaration.
  • Jan 1, 1933. The Holocaust.
  • May 14, 1948. Independence of Israel.
  • May 15, 1948. Nakba Day.
  • Oct 29, 1956. Suez Canal Crisis.
  • Jun 5, 1967. The Six-Day War.
  • Sep 1, 1970. Black September.

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Then, what major events happened in the 20th century?

Events in the 20th century

  • "The war to end all wars": World War I (1914–1918)
  • The Russian Revolution and Communism.
  • Economic depression.
  • The rise of dictatorship.
  • The war in Europe.
  • The war in the Pacific.

Additionally, what happened in the mid 20th century? The 20th century began without planes, televisions, and of course, computers. This century witnessed two world wars, the Great Depression of the 1930s, the Holocaust in Europe, the Cold War, revolutionary social equality movements, and the exploration of space.

Furthermore, what were the key events in the Middle East that occurred in 1973?

1973, October 6: Fourth Arab-Israeli war (October war). In a surprise attack on the Jewish Day of Atonement, Egypt and Syria retake the areas in Sinai and the Golan Heights that were lost in the Six Day war. Despite initial gains they are soon forced to retreat by Israeli forces.

What is the history of the Middle East conflict?

The biblical Promised Land led to a political movement, Zionism, to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine, in the Middle East. From 1920 to 1947, the British Empire had a mandate over Palestine. At that time, Palestine included all of Israel and today's Occupied Territories, of Gaza, West Bank, etc.

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