Asked by: Mackenzie Alanis
asked in category: General Last Updated: 24th March, 2020

What is the visceral peritoneum?

The peritoneum is thin membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities, and covers most abdominal viscera. Those cavities are also known as the peritoneal cavity. Visceral peritoneum covers the external surfaces of most abdominal organs, including the intestinal tract.

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Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the function of the visceral peritoneum?

Visceral peritoneum develops from lateral plate mesoderm (splanchnopleuric mesoderm). The function of visceral peritoneum is to give protection as it is wrapped around the viscera. It is pain insensitive and responds only when there is a distention of the viscera.

One may also ask, what is in the peritoneum? Anatomical terminology. The peritoneum is the serous membrane forming the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids. It covers most of the intra-abdominal (or coelomic) organs, and is composed of a layer of mesothelium supported by a thin layer of connective tissue.

Furthermore, what organ is not covered by the visceral peritoneum?

Retroperitoneal organs are not associated with visceral peritoneum; they are only covered in parietal peritoneum, and that peritoneum only covers their anterior surface.

What tissue makes up the visceral peritoneum?

The peritoneum is a single layer of squamous mesothelial cells resting on a loose connective tissue containing blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. Anatomically, the peritoneum is divided into a parietal and visceral peritoneum. The parietal peritoneum lines the diaphragm, abdominal walls, and pelvic cavity.

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