Asked by: Fattoum Mitterholzer
asked in category: General Last Updated: 21st May, 2020

What is the structure of nerve cell?

Nerve cells are composed of tiny branches called dendrons which branch into further even smaller extensions called dendrites. They also have a nucleus surrounded by cytoplasm, a cell membrane and an axon. The axon is a long fibre that is coated or insulated in a fatty sheath made out of a substance called myelin.

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In this regard, what is the structure of the nerve?

A nerve consists of many structures including axons, glycocalyx, endoneurial fluid, endoneurium, perineurium, and epineurium. The axons are bundled together into groups called fascicles, and each fascicle is wrapped in a layer of connective tissue called the perineurium.

Furthermore, what is the structural adaptation of a nerve cell? Answer and Explanation: The adaptations of a nerve cell are dendrites with receptor proteins, an axon, myelin, synaptic terminals and neurotransmitters.

Keeping this in view, what is the nerve cell function?

The main function of nerve cell or neuron in human body is to carry nerve impulses from one part of the body to other part of the body. The neurons or nerve cells are connected with other nerve cells where the electric nerve impulses are originated, processed, transmitted, and received.

How are nerves classified?

There are three broad functional classifications of nerves – sensory (afferent), intermediate and motor (efferent). There are key structural differences between these three types: Sensory nerves – small axons and psuedounipolar structure. Motor nerves – larger axons and multipolar structure.

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