Asked by: Shamsher Jadan
asked in category: General Last Updated: 6th April, 2020

What is the sella turcica in sphenoid bone?

The sella turcica (Latin for Turkish seat) is a saddle-shaped depression in the body of the sphenoid bone of the human skull and of the skulls of other hominids including chimpanzees, orangutans and gorillas. It serves as a cephalometric landmark.

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Hereof, what is the function of the sphenoid bone?

The sphenoid bone is wedged between several other bones in the front of the cranium. It consists of a central part and two wing-like structures that extend sideways toward each side of the skull. This bone helps form the base of the cranium, the sides of the skull, and the floors and sides of the orbits (eye sockets).

Secondly, what does the sella turcica contain? The sella turcica is a midline depression in the sphenoid bone which contains the pituitary gland and distal portion of the pituitary stalk. The sella is covered by a dural reflection (i.e., diaphragma sellae) above which lies the suprasellar cistern.

Similarly one may ask, what kind of bone is the sphenoid?

Sphenoid bone, upper surface. The sphenoid bone is an unpaired bone of the neurocranium. It is situated in the middle of the skull towards the front, in front of the basilar part of the occipital bone. The sphenoid bone is one of the seven bones that articulate to form the orbit.

What passes through the sphenoid bone?

The blood vessels pass through the foramina present in the wings of the sphenoid bone. The ophthalmic artery passes through the optic canal to enter the orbit. The ophthalmic veins pass out of the orbit through the superior orbital fissure.

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