Asked by: Albas Haidn
asked in category: General Last Updated: 25th February, 2020

What is the difference between translation and translocation?

Transcription is the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template where the code in the DNA is converted into a complementary RNA code. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.

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Considering this, what is translocation in translation?

Abstract. In the elongation cycle of translation, translocation is the process that advances the mRNA–tRNA moiety on the ribosome, to allow the next codon to move into the decoding center.

Likewise, what is the difference between transcription and translation for kids? The first step in making a protein is called transcription. This is when the cell makes a copy (or "transcript") of the DNA. The copy of DNA is called RNA because it uses a different type of nucleic acid called ribonucleic acid. The RNA is used in the next step, which is called translation.

Then, what is transcription and translation in biology?

The human genome contains around 30 000 genes, each of which codes for one protein. Large stretches of DNA in the human genome are transcribed but do not code for proteins. The process by which DNA is copied to RNA is called transcription, and that by which RNA is used to produce proteins is called translation.

What is translation process?

In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus. The ribosome facilitates decoding by inducing the binding of complementary tRNA anticodon sequences to mRNA codons.

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