Asked by: Gelu Leiza,
asked in category: General Last Updated: 12th June, 2020

What is the difference between germline and somatic gene therapy?

Germline gene therapy is when DNA is transferred into the cells that produce reproductive cells, eggs or sperm, in the body. Somatic? gene therapy is when DNA is transferred into body tissues. It specifically targets cells in the body which are not passed on to the person's children.

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Just so, what is germline gene therapy?

Germline therapy is the process of genetically modifying sperm or egg cells to create a new offspring. Germline therapy is a type of gene therapy where new DNA is inserted into cells using a vector, like a virus. The new DNA replaces only faulty DNA to cure genetic diseases.

One may also ask, what is a somatic gene? Somatic mutation, genetic alteration acquired by a cell that can be passed to the progeny of the mutated cell in the course of cell division. Somatic mutations differ from germ line mutations, which are inherited genetic alterations that occur in the germ cells (i.e., sperm and eggs).

Similarly, it is asked, what is the difference between cell and gene therapy?

Gene therapy involves the transfer of genetic material, usually in a carrier or vector, and the uptake of the gene into the appropriate cells of the body. Cell therapy involves the transfer of cells with the relevant function into the patient.

How does somatic gene therapy work?

The technique of somatic gene therapy involves inserting a normal gene into the appropriate cells of an individual affected with a genetic disease, thereby permanently correcting the disorder. In some cells, the gene or genes become inserted into a chromosome in the nucleus.

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