Asked by: Avtandil Onetoasked in category: General Last Updated: 12th April, 2020
What is the difference between a confined and unconfined aquifer?
Thereof, what does confined aquifer mean?
A confined aquifer is an aquifer below the land surface that is saturated with water. Layers of impermeable material are both above and below the aquifer, causing it to be under pressure so that when the aquifer is penetrated by a well, the water will rise above the top of the aquifer.
Furthermore, what is a confined aquifer made of? Confined aquifers are aquifers that are overlain by a confining layer, often made up of clay. The confining layer might offer some protection from surface contamination.
Furthermore, what is the difference between a confined and an unconfined aquifer which one is used to create an artesian well?
A confined aquifer forms when water collects, by pressure or gravity, between two layers of impermeable rock. Fissures in solid rock also allow water to pool. Unconfined aquifers form at a quicker rate compared to confined aquifers. By contrast, confined aquifers are fed by underground tributaries.
How does a confined aquifer recharge?
A regional confined aquifer is directly recharged by precipitation in the area where the aquifer crops out, having the same characteristics as an unconfined aquifer, Another source of recharge is the infiltration in the same cropping out area of the runoff born on the hillslopes during rains or snowmelt (Figure 9.9).