Asked by: Airin Doveiko
asked in category: General Last Updated: 24th June, 2020

What is multidirectional instability?

Multidirectional instability (MDI) is a relatively common, generally bilateral, typically atraumatic condition affecting shoulder function. MDI is caused by generalized capsular laxity—that is, insufficiency of the static ligament constraints of the glenohumeral joint (GHJ).

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Similarly one may ask, how do you treat multidirectional instability?

The treatment for MDI must be individualized for each patient. Most patients with MDI can be treated non-operatively with a physical therapy program that emphasizes muscular rehabilitation. Rehabilitation focuses on strengthening the rotator cuff muscles and periscapular muscles (those around the scapula).

Also Know, what is muscle instability? Instability happens when tissues — such as muscles, ligaments, and bones — weaken. Once they are weak, they no longer hold the bones of the joint in proper place. Muscles and tendons hold the bones of the joints in place most often when moving.

Similarly, how do you treat shoulder instability?

Often, shoulder instability can be treated using nonsurgical methods, including activity modification, anti-inflammatory medication, and physical therapy. However, surgery may be necessary to repair torn or stretched ligaments within your joint so that they can better hold your joint in place.

What is laxity of the shoulder?

It is caused by repetitive trauma. 1,4,5 As with subluxation, laxity is defined as a partial loss of the glenohumeral articulation; however, patients with laxity are asymptomatic.

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