Asked by: Theodora Davoli
asked in category: General Last Updated: 12th March, 2020

What is Hyposalivation?

Xerostomia is the sensation of having a dry mouth. Many (but not all) patients who have this sensation will also have a noticeable and measurable decrease in the amount of saliva in their mouths, a condition referred to as “hyposalivation” or “salivary gland hypofunction”.

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Besides, what causes Hyposalivation?

The three most common causes of hyposalivation are medications, chronic anxiety or depression, and dehydration. Some medications that cause dry mouth are treatments for sinusitis, high blood pressure (such as “water pills”), anxiety and depression, psychiatric disorders, or a hyperactive bladder.

Likewise, what is a dry mouth a sign of? Dry mouth can be due to certain health conditions, such as diabetes, stroke, yeast infection (thrush) in your mouth or Alzheimer's disease, or due to autoimmune diseases, such as Sjogren's syndrome or HIV/AIDS. Snoring and breathing with your mouth open also can contribute to dry mouth. Tobacco and alcohol use.

Moreover, how is Hyposalivation treated?

Treatment for hyposalivation includes use of medications such as pilocarpine as well as direct stimulation resulting from chewing sugarless gum or sucking on sugarless candies. Proper hydration of the whole body is also an important element to consider.

How is xerostomia diagnosed?

Diagnosis of xerostomia requires careful evaluation of signs and symptoms, with clinical extra-oral and intra-oral exami- nations, assessment of salivary gland function by measurement of resting and stimulated flow rates, and, in some cases, biopsy of minor salivary glands.

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