Asked by: Lorrine Kaak
asked in category: General Last Updated: 6th January, 2020

What is a substrate in relation to an enzyme?

Biochemistry. In biochemistry, the substrate is a molecule upon which an enzyme acts. Enzymes catalyze chemical reactions involving the substrate(s). In the case of a single substrate, the substrate bonds with the enzyme active site, and an enzyme-substrate complex is formed.

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In respect to this, what is the relationship between a substrate and an enzyme?

Enzyme Active Site and Substrate Specificity Enzymes bind with chemical reactants called substrates. There may be one or more substrates for each type of enzyme, depending on the particular chemical reaction. In some reactions, a single-reactant substrate is broken down into multiple products.

One may also ask, what are examples of substrates? A substrate is a solid substance or medium to which another substance is applied and to which that second substance adheres. Fats (butter), proteins(soybean), carbohydrates(potato) are all substrates and is acted upon by enzymes namely lipases, proteases and glycosidases.

In this way, what exactly is a substrate?

A substrate is a molecule acted upon by an enzyme. A substrate is loaded into the active site of the enzyme, or the place that allows weak bonds to be formed between the two molecules. An enzyme does this by lowering the energy required for a reaction to take place between substrate molecules, or within one molecule.

How can enzymes be so specific in terms of the substrate they impact?

Enzymes are specific to substrates as they have an active site which only allow certain substrates to bind to the active site. This is due to the shape of the active site and any other substrates cannot bind to the active site. there is a model which is well known in the biology field of the lock and key model.

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