Asked by: Raffaele Bauk
asked in category: General Last Updated: 28th June, 2020

What is a liver Biloma?

Biloma is collection of bile within the abdominal cavity. It happens when there is a bile leak, for example after surgery for removing the gallbladder (laparoscopic cholecystectomy), with an incidence of 0.3–2%. Other causes are biliary surgery, liver biopsy, abdominal trauma, and, rarely, spontaneous perforation.

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Subsequently, one may also ask, what causes Biloma?

A biloma is a rare abnormal accumulation of intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile caused by traumatic or spontaneous rupture of the biliary tree1, 2). It is most commonly caused by surgery, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC), percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD), and abdominal trauma11, 12).

Also, is a Biloma an abscess? Typically, biloma contains clear, greenish bile, but may be discoloured by secondary infection, exudate, or blood4. The differential diagnosis of intra-abdominal biloma includes abscess, pseudocyst, liver cyst, haematoma, seroma, and lymphocoele.

Just so, what is a Biloma drain?

The term biloma describes an encapsulated collection of bile within the abdomen, usually secondary to bile duct disruption. The biloma was identified on computed tomography and subsequently drained under ultrasound guidance.

What is postoperative Biloma?

The development of an intra-abdominal bile collection (biloma) is an infrequent complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). These bilomas develop in the subhepatic space most often secondary to iatrogenic injury of the extrahepatic ducts.

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