Asked by: Raymonde Arck
asked in category: General Last Updated: 5th January, 2020

What is a form of a gene?

allele. An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. Humans are called diploid organisms because they have two alleles at each genetic locus, with one allele inherited from each parent.

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Also asked, what is a gene made of?

A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. However, many genes do not code for proteins.

Likewise, how may a gene be defined? Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. An official definition: According to the official Guidelines for Human Gene Nomenclature, a gene is defined as "a DNA segment that contributes to phenotype/function. In the absence of demonstrated function a gene may be characterized by sequence, transcription or homology."

Also to know, what is an example of a gene?

Genes are what is inherited from an organism's parents and what give the offspring certain characteristics, and alleles are different forms of a gene. For example, there are several different alleles for eye color genes, such as blue alleles (blue eyes) and brown alleles (brown eyes).

What is the basic structure of a gene?

Chemical structure of genes Genes are composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), except in some viruses, which have genes consisting of a closely related compound called ribonucleic acid (RNA). A DNA molecule is composed of two chains of nucleotides that wind about each other to resemble a twisted ladder.

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