Asked by: Sally Montans
asked in category: General Last Updated: 5th May, 2020

What initiates fatty acid synthesis?

Fatty acid synthesis starts with acetyl-CoA, and the chain grows from the “tail end” so that carbon 1 and the alpha-carbon of the complete fatty acid are added last. The first reaction is the transfer of the acetyl group to a pantothenate group of acyl carrier protein (ACP), a region of the large mammalian FAS protein.

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Herein, what activates fatty acid synthesis?

Fatty acid synthesis is the creation of fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and NADPH through the action of enzymes called fatty acid synthases. This process takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell. Most of the acetyl-CoA which is converted into fatty acids is derived from carbohydrates via the glycolytic pathway.

Also Know, why do we need fatty acid synthesis? Fatty acid synthesis is a critical anabolic pathway in most organisms. In addition to being the major component of membranes, fatty acids are important energy storage molecules, and fatty acyl derivatives possess a variety of physiological functions, including post-translational modification of numerous proteins.

Accordingly, where does fatty acid synthesis occur?

Fatty acid synthesis occurs in the cytoplasm of cells while oxidative degradation occurs in the mitochondria. Many of the enzymes for the fatty acid synthesis are organized into a multienzyme complex called fatty acid synthase. The major sites of fatty acid synthesis are adipose tissue and the liver.

Does fatty acid synthesis require ATP?

Acetyl-CoA comes from pyruvate dehydrogenase and fatty acid oxidation (inside mitochondria). Citrate must be pumped out of mitochondria and cleaved using 1 ATP. There is a citrate lyase in the cytosol to break the citrate into Acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate but it costs ATP.

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