Asked by: Deicy Zschille
asked in category: General Last Updated: 17th February, 2020

What does deoxy mean in DNA?

Deoxyribose, found in DNA, is a modified sugar, lacking one oxygen atom (hence the name "deoxy"). This difference of one oxygen atom is important for the enzymes that recognize DNA and RNA, because it allows these two molecules to be easily distinguished inside organisms.

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Moreover, why is it called 2 Deoxyribose?

Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C=O)−(CH2)−(CHOH)3−H. Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom.

Also, what is attached to the 5 carbon of deoxyribose in DNA? The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a "polynucleotide." Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group.

Similarly, why is 2 deoxyribose in DNA instead of ribose?

While DNA contains deoxyribose, RNA contains ribose, characterised by the presence of the 2'-hydroxyl group on the pentose ring (Figure 5). This hydroxyl group make RNA less stable than DNA because it is more susceptible to hydrolysis.

Why does DNA have less oxygen?

Due to its deoxyribose sugar, which contains one less oxygen-containing hydroxyl group, DNA is a more stable molecule than RNA, which is useful for a molecule which has the task of keeping genetic information safe.

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