Asked by: Marybelle Titti
asked in category: General Last Updated: 12th January, 2020

What causes electron affinity?

Electron affinity increases upward for the groups and from left to right across periods of a periodic table because the electrons added to energy levels become closer to the nucleus, thus a stronger attraction between the nucleus and its electrons.

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In this way, what affects electron affinity?

Factors That Affect Electron Affinity There are two factors that can affect electron affinity. These are atomic size and nuclear charge. The smaller the atom is, the closer the outermost shell is; therefore, it is a stronger attraction between the nucleus and the incoming electron.

Beside above, what is electron affinity and what are its periodic trends? Electron affinity generally increases across a period in the periodic table and sometimes decreases down a group. The chemical rationale for changes in electron affinity across the periodic table is the increased effective nuclear charge across a period and up a group.

Hereof, what is meant by electron affinity?

The electron affinity (Eea) of an atom or molecule is defined as the amount of energy released when an electron is attached to a neutral atom or molecule in the gaseous state to form a negative ion. X(g) + e → X(g) + energy.

Do noble gases have electron affinity?

This is because all of the Noble Gases have complete valence electron shells. Since the Noble Gases already have that 'perfect status' then they have an affinity of 0. Affinity is the change in energy of the atom when an electron is added. Noble Gases are at the perfect number of 8 electrons.

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