Asked by: Marceliana Willken
asked in category: General Last Updated: 13th January, 2020

What are the Sundarbans Why is it important to preserve the mangroves in our country?

The mangrove forests protect the hinterland from storms, cyclones, tidal surges, and the seepage and intrusion of saltwater inland and into waterways. They serve as nurseries to shellfish and finfish and sustain the fisheries of the entire eastern coast.

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Keeping this in consideration, why are the Sundarbans important?

The remaining forests, taken together with the Sundarbans mangroves, are important habitat for the endangered tiger. Additionally, the Sundarbans serves a crucial function as a protective barrier for the millions of inhabitants in and around Khulna and Mongla against the floods that result from the cyclones.

Secondly, why Sundarban is declared a World Heritage Site? It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1987, and it has been designated as a Ramsar site since 2019. It is considered as a World Network of Biosphere Reserve (Man and Biosphere Reserve) from 1989. The first forest management division to have jurisdiction over the Sundarbans was established in 1869.

Keeping this in view, why is the Sundarbans being managed?

By acting as spawning and nursery ground for different fish, shrimp and other aquatic animals, the Sundarbans highly contribute to the fish stocks of the Bay of Bengal. The conservation of the Sundarbans is thus also a matter of regional and international food security.

Why are mangroves important to the environment?

Shoreline Protection Mangroves protect shorelines from damaging storm and hurricane winds, waves, and floods. Mangroves also help prevent erosion by stabilizing sediments with their tangled root systems. They maintain water quality and clarity, filtering pollutants and trapping sediments originating from land.

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