Asked by: Khalifa Vilken
asked in category: General Last Updated: 24th February, 2020

What are DNA and RNA polymers composed of?

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are polymers composed of monomers called nucleotides. An RNA nucleotide consists of a five-carbon sugar phosphate linked to one of four nucleic acid bases: guanine (G), cytosine (C), adenine (A) and uracil (U).

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Likewise, what are the components of DNA and RNA?

The two main types of nucleic acids are DNA and RNA. Both DNA and RNA are made from nucleotides, each containing a five-carbon sugar backbone, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. DNA provides the code for the cell 's activities, while RNA converts that code into proteins to carry out cellular functions.

Likewise, why DNA and RNA are called nucleic acids? DNA or RNA are called nucleic acids because of the acidic nature of the phosphate group attached to them. Hence it's the acidic part of the molecule that dominates, and that is why we know DNA as an acid.

Subsequently, question is, what is a nucleic acid composed of?

Nucleic acids are the biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life. The term nucleic acid is the overall name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides, which are the monomers made of three components: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base.

Is DNA a polymer?

DNA is a polymer. The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a "polynucleotide." Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group.

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