Asked by: Roumiana Reinema
asked in category: General Last Updated: 22nd February, 2020

Was Descartes a substance dualist?

Substance dualism is a type of dualism most famously defended by René Descartes, which states that there are two kinds of foundation: mental and physical. This philosophy states that the mental can exist outside of the body, and the body cannot think.

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In this regard, why was Descartes a dualist?

Descartes was a substance dualist. He believed that there were two kinds of substance: matter, of which the essential property is that it is spatially extended; and mind, of which the essential property is that it thinks.

One may also ask, when did Descartes discover dualism? René Descartes (1596–1650) was a creative mathematician of the first order, an important scientific thinker, and an original metaphysician. During the course of his life, he was a mathematician first, a natural scientist or “natural philosopher” second, and a metaphysician third.

Likewise, people ask, what did Descartes believe?

Descartes was also a rationalist and believed in the power of innate ideas. Descartes argued the theory of innate knowledge and that all humans were born with knowledge through the higher power of God.

Was Aristotle a dualist?

Belief in the possibility of the soul's existence separately from the body suffices to make one a dualist, but Aristotle rejects that belief for at least most types of soul. If Aristotle is committed to dualism, he must be committed to a weaker version of it which admits that the soul cannot exist apart from the body.

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