Asked by: Lamiri Ewersasked in category: General Last Updated: 1st April, 2020
How does an enzyme active site relate to its substrate?
Also question is, what is the relationship between an active site and a substrate?
In biology, the active site is the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction. The active site consists of residues that form temporary bonds with the substrate (binding site) and residues that catalyse a reaction of that substrate (catalytic site).
Subsequently, question is, what is the role of the active site of an enzyme? A substrate is the substance or molecule on which an enzyme functions. These pockets contain the active site, which is the area of an enzyme where the substrate binds and the chemical reaction takes place. In the active site, amino acids of the enzyme protein will bind to the substrate.
Keeping this in consideration, how does the active site promote enzyme substrate specificity?
The active site of an enzyme is very specific to its substrates as it has a very precise shape. This results in enzymes being able to catalyze only certain reactions as only a small number of substrates fit in the active site. This is called enzyme-substrate specificity.
How do you determine the active site of an enzyme?
The part of the enzyme where the substrate binds is called the active site (since that's where the catalytic “action” happens). A substrate enters the active site of the enzyme.