Asked by: Xuli Apraiz
asked in category: General Last Updated: 23rd May, 2020

How do you investigate drug induced immune hemolytic anemia?

Drug-dependent antibodies are investigated by testing drug-treated red blood cells (RBCs) or by testing RBCs in the presence of a solution of drug. Drug-independent antibodies are serologically indistinct from idiopathic warm autoantibodies and cannot be defined or excluded by serologic testing.

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Similarly one may ask, how is drug induced hemolytic anemia treated?

Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia

  1. Cephalosporins (a class of antibiotics), most common cause.
  2. Dapsone.
  3. Levodopa.
  4. Levofloxacin.
  5. Methyldopa.
  6. Nitrofurantoin.
  7. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  8. Penicillin and its derivatives.

Likewise, what causes autoimmune hemolytic anemia? Autoimmune hemolytic anemia can also be caused by or occur with another disorder, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) or a lymphoma, and it can be due to the use of certain drugs, such as penicillin. Destruction of red blood cells by autoantibodies may occur suddenly, or it may develop gradually.

Besides, does methyldopa cause hemolytic anemia?

Methyldopa therapy results in the formation of red cell autoantibodies in 10–20% of patients taking the drug for longer than 4 months. Most patients who develop these autoantibodies do not go on to develop hemolytic anemia in spite of high titres of antibodies on their red cells.

Can ceftriaxone cause anemia?

Ceftriaxone is a broad-spectrum cephalosporin that is used for the treatment of diverse bacterial infections. It is known to cause hemolysis by inducing complement activating drug-dependent antibodies of mainly immunoglobulin M (IgM)-type, resulting in “immune-complex” type immune hemolytic anemia [1–3].

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