Asked by: Hae Klausz
asked in category: General Last Updated: 1st April, 2020

How did the British colonize Australia?

A First Fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788 to establish a penal colony, the first colony on the Australian mainland. In the century that followed, the British established other colonies on the continent, and European explorers ventured into its interior.

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Regarding this, why did the British colonize Australia?

The British wanted ports in the southern hemisphere which were very valuable to them because they can dock their ships and for trading with other nations as well. The British prisons were overcrowded with convicts due to the British losing the Thirteen Colonies off the eastern seaboard of North America.

how did British colonization affect Australia? The most immediate consequence of colonisation was a wave of epidemic diseases including smallpox, measles and influenza, which spread ahead of the frontier and annihilated many Indigenous communities.

Similarly, how did the British go about populating Australia?

They used it as a penal colony for convicted criminals. After they served their sentence, the convicts could buy land and settle. The secret ballot was first used in Australia in the 1850s.

How did Britain treat Australia?

After the British handed over direct rule to Australia in 1901, the treatment of Aboriginal peoples did not improve. Throughout the 1600s and 1700s Britain had a major problem with crime and criminals. This meant that Britain had nowhere to send its convicts and turned towards Australia.

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